Inspired by Emoji and [fun with flags] by Sheldon Cooper in TBBT.
South America (14)
|ARG||H2C||es||Buenos Aires||07/09/1816||sun of May/celeste|
|BOL||H3C||es||Sucre/La Paz||08/06/1825||mineral resource/2 capitals|
|CHL||H2TL||es||Santiago||09/18/1810||US flag family/Andes mountains|
|PRY||H3C||es||Asuncion||05/14/1811||two sided/sun and lion/French|
|ECU||H3C||es||Quito||05/24/1822||Colombian family/not equal|
|GUY||R||en||Georgetown||05/26/1966||red and yellow arrows|
|GUF||LD2C||fr||Cayenne France||French||national flag|
South America Facts:
Brazil is the only country that speaks Portuguese while most of the neighbours speak Spanish; Guyana is the only country that the official language is English.
The flags of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador share the same color and similar structure because of Simon Bolivar, who played an instrumental role in the establishment of the northern part (Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Colombia) of South America as sovereign states independent of Spanish rule. And that’s why Bolivia is called after Bolivar.
The flags of Argentina and Uruguay share the similar color because of the same designer and there was another guy, who leads the southern part (Chile, Argentina, Peru) of South America ‘s struggle from Spanish empire, José de San Martín.
The rest three of the countries in the north-eastern part of South America was either dominated by Dutch or British until independence, or still under control of France.
The Falkland Island belonged to Argentina but is under control by UK. Argentina fought twice for the sovereignty of that island in history and failed finally in 1982. After that every year Argentina went to UN and claim on the ownership of the island. 90% of the Argentina population are from European countries like Spain, Italy, UK and German. (One of my friends who comes from Argentina said that 7 out of his 8 grand grandpa were from Italy while the rest was from Palestine). Julio Argentino Roca, killed most of the original residents of Argentina and Domingo Faustino Sarmiento introduced European economy and education system into Argentina however lots of people in Argentina hates him because of the Europeanization brought by him.
Central America (8)
|MEX||V3C||es||Mexico City||09/16/1810||hope/unity/hero’s blood|
|GTM||V3C||es||Guatemala City||09/15/1821||civil flag without arm|
|SLV||H3C||es||San Salvador||09/15/1821||holy savior|
|HND||H3C||es||Tegucigalpa||09/15/1821||fat star vs skinny star|
|CRI||H53||es||San Jose||09/15/1821||forbidden to be used by private citizens|
|PAN||+3D||es||Panama City||11/28/1821||Conservative/Liberal Party|
Central America Facts:
The blue-white-blue pattern is common to all the central American states, being a reminder of the union from the beginning of the 19th century, except Mexico and Belize. Each of the five original countries found a way to differentiate the flag.
Guatemala turned the stripes vertically, El Salvador put its coats of arm, Honduras five stars, Nicaragua its coat of arm, Costa Rica put a red stripe in the middle. Panama make it a matrix by adding red color. All of the states (except Guatemala) have common elements on their coat of arms – mountains (volcanoes) with a sea on each side, secessionist cap, spectrum, stars, and the inscription ‘America Central’. The triangle symbolizes equality. Civilians on the land may use, also, the flag without the arms.
All the central America countries speak Spanish except Belize, whose former name was British Honduras. All the countries have similar independence dates most of which was Sep 25th 1821.
North America (5)
|USA||H2TL||en||Washington D.C.||07/04/1776||old glory red/old glory blue|
|CAN||V3C||en||Ottawa||07/01/1867||The Maple Leaf For Ever|
|GRL||H2L||da||Nuuk||Denmark||red= fjord/white=ice cap|
North America Facts:
- Only 5 countries with 3 of them are still territories of European countries.
Eastern Asia (5)
|PRK||H3CL||ko||Pyongyang||09/09/1948||star:struggle for socialism|
|JPN||2C||ja||Tokyo||05/03/1947||sun and lotus|
Eastern Asia Facts:
Actually I was really surprised to find that the country which makes the best of traditional Chinese culture on the national flag is South Korea. They use concepts from both Yinyang and Yijing in ancient China which includes ‘Taiji’ and ‘Bagua’.
Mongolia also use the concept of Yin and Yang in their emblem ‘soyombo‘ (whose origins are closely associated with Lamaism). But in their interpretation, the circle of ying and yang also represents two fish which, because fish never close their eyes, signify reason and wisdom.
Central Asia (5)
South Central Asia (9)
|IND||H3C||hi||New Delhi||08/15/1947||Dharma Chakra/wheel of the law|
South Eastern Asia (11)
Middle East / Western Asia (18)
Western Europe (9)
|FRA||V3||fr||Paris||10/04/1958||Saint Martin/Virgin Mary/Saint Denis|
|NLD||H3||nl||Amsterdam||01/30/1684||William of Orange|
|LUX||H3||fr/de||Luxembourg City||06/09/1815||shallow nl/derive from coa|
|LIE||H2TL||de||Vaduz||07/12/1806||sky/embers in the fireplace|
|CHE||C||fr||Berne||08/01/1291||square/white cross on gules|
|MCO||H2||fr||Monaco City||1297||red and white/no tax|
|AUT||H3||de||Vienna||08/11/1804||red white red|
Western Europe Facts:
The western Europe has two big countries, France and Germany, compared to the others. Between them lies the rest of the countries (5), Netherlands to Switzerland from north to south. That’s why the official language of those in-the-middle countries would be more than one, and often includes French or German. Monaco and Austria lie a little far away.
Deutschland is the German language word for Germany. So does ‘de’ for German. I put unity date here for Germany independence date when east and west Germany united.
CHE stands for Confoederatio Helvetica – the old Latin name for Switzerland (Swiss). Helvetia comes from the Helvetians, the first tribe settling in the central European region.
Netherlands (nether means ‘below’) refers to Holland or Dutch. In Old English dutch meant “people or nation.” This also explains why Germany is called Deutschland in German. Over time, English-speaking people used the word Dutch to describe people from both the Netherlands and Germany. At that point in time, in the early 1500s, the Netherlands and parts of Germany, along with Belgium and Luxembourg, were all part of the Holy Roman Empire. Specifically the phrase “High Dutch” referred to people from the mountainous area of what is now southern Germany. “Low Dutch” referred to people from the flat lands in what is now the Netherlands. Within the Holy Roman Empire, the word “Netherlands” was used to describe people from the low-lying (nether) region (land). The term was so widely used that when they became a formal, separate country in 1815, they became the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The word “Holland” literally meant “wood-land” in Old English and originally referred to people from the northern region of the Netherlands. Over time, it came to apply to the entire country.
Northern Europe (11)
|ISL||+3L||is||Reykjavik||02/01/1904||red connection to Norway|
|IRL||V3||en/Irish||Dublin||01/07/1922||g Catholics/o William III/harp|
|GBR||++3||en||London||05/01/1707||St. George/St. Andrew/St. Patrick|
|DNK||+2L||da||Copenhagen||06/05/1849||The Danish Cloth|
|EST||H3||et||Tallinn||02/24/1918||faith/dark past suffering/bright|
|LTU||H3||lt||Vilnius||02/16/1918||dark green shade/light African|
Northern Europe Facts:
Most Northern European countries use the Scandinavian Cross design for their flags. It is a design where a cross appear in the center (vertically) and slightly shifts to the left (horizontally) on the rectangular field of a flag. The color of the cross and background differ between different countries.
There are 5 main countries in the so called Nordic Countries who have adopted such flags: Iceland, Denmark,Norway,Sweden,Finland from west to east. Iceland and Norway has 3 colors (red/white/blue) for flag where white appears between cross and the background. The color of cross and background shift for the two countries where red cross blue background for Iceland and blue cross red background for Norway. Other three countries use only 2 colors for the flag where one color for cross and the other for background. Denmark got white-red, Sweden got yellow-blue, Finland got blue-white. There are also several islands (autonomous regions) which use the cross design. Aland Islands, belongs to Sweden, insert red cross into the Sweden flag (yellow-blue) while Faroe Islands, insert red cross into the Finland flag (blue-white).
Another country that use the cross design but in a more complex way is the United Kingdom. It is formed by combining 3 elements together into one. United Kingdom is consist of Scotland, England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Isle of Man. Flag of Scotland is a white diagonal on blue background (the cross of St. Andrew), flag of England is a red cross centered on white background (the cross of St. George), element of Ireland is red diagonal on white (cross of St. Patrick). By combining them together we have the flag for Great Britain. By the way, the flag of Man was mentioned by Sheldon in TBBT since it has three man legs in the middle of the flag which is quite weird.
Among the countries which do not use Nordic Cross design, Ireland got flag whose color is very similar with Indian flag. Also the coat of arm of Ireland is a harp which Amy plays a lot in TBBT. The rest three countries are Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania which all use horizontal frame for their country flags.
Eastern Europe (10)
|POL||H2||pl||Warsaw||11/11/1918||White eagle on red crest|
|BLR|||H2||be||Minsk||07/27/1990||Belarusian decorative pattern|
|RUS||H3||ru||Moscow||12/25/1991||influenced by Dutch|
|MDA||V3C||ro||Chisinau||08/27/1991||Romanian origin/wish reunification|
Southern Europe (16)
|ESP||H3CL||es||Madrid||10/12/1492||harmony with arm|
|ITA||V3||it||Rome||03/17/1861||militia of Milan/small radish|